1.3.2 A fundamental question already raised.
The evolution and increasing complexity of life on our planet implies mechanisms that elude the second law of thermodynamics.
In a universe where available energies tend to decrease, over billions of years, until they run out, to the heat death, life forms had to undergo an involution, and become less and less complex.
Instead, it is quite the opposite of what occurs here on our Earth, where we witness the flourishing of life, and its evolution.
Someone says either Clausius is right, or Darwin; not both.
In science, one piece of incoherence is more than enough to justify an attempt to reformulate the theory.
It must also be said that this possible inconsistency has already been the object of the attention of many, including James C. Maxwell, and Erwin Schrdinger.
James C. Maxwell.
In search of a solution to the contradiction in question, in the second half of the 19th century, James C. Maxwell, in a thought experiment, imagined that there is an intelligent being, later called by others a sort of a demon, which would correct the ineluctable degradation of the quality of the energy, in contrast with the second law, by continuously feeding an energy differential, to be later tapped to carry out useful processes.
Indeed, the intelligent being, imagined by Maxwell, would not change our eventual fate, the heat death in the universe. It would create just a local differential of energy, which would solve, for the time being, a provisional lack of it.
The demon would not give fresh energy. It only goes to correct, locally and temporarily, the natural diffusion and dispersion of energies.
Erwin Schrdinger, on february 1943, sagely concluded that the contradiction, stated on the opening of this page, would be solved thanks to the discovery of a law, which will be the missing piece of the mosaic, to integrate with the known ones.
Among the moments of science, there are also those when we admit we do not know. As in this case. They are not the less useful ones.
When the conclusion of a logical discourse, in this case, the trend to the "heat death", is in contradiction with an important fact, the evolution of the forms of life - at least on our planet - it means that, in posing the problem, an argument was not taken into account. Then the logic ceases to be a useful tool.
The missing piece of the mosaic.
The new law, the missing piece of the mosaic, must be discovered and then included in the discourse on the entropy.
On the next page I will show how the missing piece consists of the cumulative-dissipative processes, first revealed by the seeds.