How the motion of the Moon affects the seeds and the water of our oceans.
(Topics) The Moon contributes to making the Earth a planet where life can be born and develop, thanks to the cumulative dissipative processes it allows.
The discovery of these processes has made it possible to develop a sowing procedure, useful for significantly increasing crop yields, as well as for solving two unresolved inconsistencies in physics.
These processes make evolution possible despite the second law of thermodynamics, and turn out to be the real cause of the tides.
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release 22.0 - 2022-04-14
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On this page: Notice ||| 1 Prologue; 2 How to increase harvests; 3 A consequent force; 4 Cumulative dissipative structures; 5 Theory on tides revisited.
The reader is advised that there is not yet a peer review on this new subject. There will be only after other researchers have carried out the necessary observations and experiments.
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This introductory page briefly deals with the sowing procedure useful for increasing the germinability of seeds and yields.
This procedure, in the public domain, makes cumulative dissipative processes more efficient in seeds. In fact, it is useful for increasing crops, in the order of at least 30 to 50%, and favoring the root system, which goes deeper, so useful in times of drought.
The reader will not find particular difficulties in understanding, accepting and applying the sowing procedure, proposed in sector 2 of this page.
Not so when he reads that these processes give the solution to two unsolved problems of physics, since, for the majority of scientists, these are not open questions.
As always, unexpected novelties find resistance in being accepted.
How these processes are activated.
The cumulative-dissipative processes manifest themselves in such peculiar ways that it is as if they had their own signature.
They are activated:
(1) by the angular motion with respect to other matter;
(2) and by heat exchanges, first lent, when the motion is increasing (cumulative phase), and then returned, when it is decreasing (dissipative phase);
(3) but this can take place only at critical angular velocities.
Because of the last fact, they manifest themselves during brief episodes of interaction. Except when said movement insists for a long time on a critical angular velocity.
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How to increase harvests.
Everything started from the discovery of how the seeds manage their germination capacity, so as to keep it for a long time, thanks to the cumulative dissipative processes.
The discovery has allowed me to develop a procedure to make more efficient the processes that are already taking place, but are necessarily left to chance, because their existence is not known.
When the seeds are firm with respect to Earth.
Most of the time, the seeds are stationary relative to the Earth; then their movement, capable of producing effects, is that with respect to the Moon.
The procedure for improving the germination capacity of seeds takes into account the calendars of when the cumulative dissipative processes occur in seeds, that are stationary with respect to the Earth, and what favors them.
The sowing calendars.
On this site, the sowing calendars do not show the angular movement of the seeds with respect to the Moon, but it indicates the hourly angular velocity of the Moon around the Earth, defined in 86400 deltins, and performed in a sidereal month.
Consequently, cumulative phases can take place when said movement is indicated as decreasing (periods b-c; d-a), while dissipative phases can take place when said movement is indicated as increasing (a-b; c-d).
The procedure is best done in a place where the time of the water supply can be controlled, such as in a greenhouse.
Example of an experiment.
Harvest results from two seed groups (5+5), of the same quality, kept at two different temperatures during the cumulative phase (period d-a). The sowing took place on april 7th 2005, the day before the beginning of the dissipative phase (a-b).
For details, see in the index seeds:
itinerary 1.1 Application;
itinerary 1.2 Observations and experiments;
itinerary 1.3 Interpretation of phenomena.
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A consequent force.
Before considering cumulative-dissipative processes we must talk about the force that activates them. It is a consequent force, which I call "force d", short for "force due to angular motion with respect to other matter".
The force d works in tandem with another consequent force, gravity. While gravity is a consequence of the interaction between matter and other matter which is around, the "force d" is a consequence of the angular movement with respect to other matter.
As we will see on page 1.3.4, the two forces have very distinct characteristics.
The two faces of physics.
The cumulative dissipative processes act between the two sides of the coin of physics: on the one hand the two consequent forces - gravity and "force d" - on the other the laws of thermodynamics.
It is in particular the force d which acts as a counterweight to the tendency of entropy to increase. A tendency that would condemn us to involution, and to the final effects of the second law of thermodynamics, when there can no longer be any heat exchange.
Indeed, if we consider only the laws of thermodynamics, in isolation, without taking into account the consequent forces, as we have done so far, we are then led to think and say that the general entropy grows inexorably, even here on Earth, despite the evidence to the contrary constituted by evolution in Nature.
Either Darwin is right, or Clausius.
As they say: either Darwin is right, or Clausius. Not both. Cumulative-dissipative processes bring them into agreement, in their respective fields of expertise.
Indeed, it is thanks to the cumulative dissipative processes that there is entropy reduction without energy degradation.
This advantage then pours on all living beings, keeping the general entropy low, thus allowing the evolution of the various forms of life on Earth. A fact not explainable otherwise.
All the necessary conditions for these processes to take place are present on the Earth. Also an adequate magnetic field would be among the necessary conditions.
Not so on the Moon, nor on Mars, where, as far as I can assume, the effects of the second law of thermodynamics cannot be balanced by cumulative-dissipative processes. In such celestial bodies, in case there had been the process of evolution before, the stage of "heat death" has already been reached.
The results of "experiments E", to be performed on the Moon and Mars, may or may not confirm these statements of mine.
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Cumulative dissipative structures.
Physicist Ilya Prigogine has called "dissipative structures" systems that consume free energy, produce order and disperse heat.
From the results of this research, I can say that structures that lend themselves to cumulative dissipative processes - such as fatty acids in seeds, and water - can decrease their entropy without energy degradation.
I expect that these processes can also take place in other molecules
Energy first borrowed, then returned.
In the cumulative phase, energy, in the form of heat, is borrowed; molecules tend to assume higher energy and less uniform configurations.
In the dissipative phase, the energy, first borrowed in the cumulative phase, is returned; molecules then tend to fall on lower energy and more uniform configurations, in a kind of reset, of self-reorganization.
At the end of this double process, the neguentropic balance is positive. Entropy has decreased.
Entropy reduction, no energy degradation.
When the movement - the one that induces dissipative cumulative processes - is determined by the other consequent force, gravity, there is decrease in entropy, without energy degradation, by circumventing the second law of thermodynamics.
Its a paradigm shift. In the cases considered, the dissipative processes, introduced by Ilya Prigogine, are preceded by heat exchanges in the cumulative phase.
Based on the different trend of the processes.
Due to the different trends of the processes in the two phases, the increase of entropy (worsening), in the cumulative phase, is more than compensated by its greater decrease (improvement), in its subsequent dissipative phase.
Paradoxically, within certain limits, cumulative processes give opportunities to decrease entropy during the following dissipative phase. Indeed, the cumulative phase turns out to be functional to the dissipative phase, as in the experiment E.
In other words, its the right temperature variation, in each phase of the cycle, which makes entropy to decrease.
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Theory on tides revisited.
Water also makes use of cumulative-dissipative processes, thanks to its movement with respect to other matter. This keeps it healthy and vital.
There are reasons for affirming that the cumulative dissipative processes also cause the phenomenon of tides, understood as the cyclical variation of the density of the water, thanks to the cumulative-dissipative processes, induced by the movement with respect to the Moon and the Sun.
This happens according to the peculiar modalities of the cumulative dissipative processes, previously specified.
Current theory on ocean tides.
Before, let me say that, about 330 years ago, rather than admitting we did not know the cause of the tides, they decided to attribute it to gravity, at the cost of having to introduce a second completely absurd formula of attraction, specific for the tides, where the distance is raised to the third power, in contrast to the normal one, valid for all the rest, where the distance is squared.
So they said that it is not the Sun that attracts the waters of our seas on average 178 times more than the Moon does, as would be the normal formula of attraction. Instead, it would be the Moon which attracts them on average 2.17 times more than the Sun does.
All this in defiance of the fundamental rule, for which the book of Nature is written in mathematical characters, as Galileo Galilei had previously stated. Correct, not false characters.
Differences between what happens in seeds and in water.
In the seeds stationary with respect to the Earth, but moving with respect to the Moon, the two phases - cumulative and dissipative - take place in two different periods of time.
Water, when liquid, is instead composed of molecules that can increase or decrease their angular velocity with respect to the Moon not in agreement with each other. Thus, cumulative and dissipative processes can take place, in various groups of molecules, at any moment, at any critical angular velocity.
Only under certain conditions, a sufficient number of molecules move at the same critical angular velocity, with regard for example to the Moon, and change in volume to a significant extent, in a short time.
Only then does the phenomenon of water figures appear, arranged in a more or less regular way.
The evidence was collected in a lagoon, with two accesses to the sea, which make it a kind of natural astronomical lens, at times when there is a combination of variables, which amplifies the local generation of the tide.
The most important variables are: (1) when the movement of non-stagnant water is reduced; and (2) when the movement of the Moon is at a critical angular velocity, with respect to many molecules, for a prolonged time (almost always only at the points a, b, c, d of the calendar). For more details see itinerary 2.3.
In some cases water figures move and take the form of what I call "density waves".
The "density waves" phenomenon of the film took place on March 18, 2011, at point c of the calendar, at the critical angular velocity of deltins 139,4/hr.
A quest to be concluded.
What I found must be confirmed by other researchers. Then, this search is far from complete. I am alone, and there are still large areas to be defined, for example the list of critical angular velocities at which cumulative-dissipative processes are performed.
However, this last difficulty can be grasped by others as an opportunity, as an incentive to adopt this research to complete it, given my age (I was born in February 1943).