How the motion of the Moon affects the seeds and the water of our oceans.

(Subtitle) The discovery of cumulative-dissipative processes, activated by movement with respect to other matter, allows us to develop a sowing procedure, useful for significantly increasing crop yields. It also allows the solution of two inconsistencies of physics, which had not been resolved: these processes have made evolution possible despite the second law of thermodynamics, and reveal what causes the phenomenon of tides.

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release 22.0 - 2022-04-14

français ||| italiano ||| © copyright notice

index - index seeds - index ocean tides

On this page: Notice ||| 1 Prologue; 2 How to increase harvests; 3 A consequent force; 4 Cumulative dissipative structures; 5 Theory on tides revisited.

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Notice.

The reader is advised that there is not yet a peer review on this new subject. There will be only after other researchers have carried out the necessary observations and experiments.

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Prologue.

This page first deals with the procedure in the public domain, useful for making the cycle of cumulative dissipative processes in seeds more efficient during the sowing phase, useful for increasing their germinability.

This in order to increase crops, in the order of at least 30 to 50%, and favor the root system, which goes more deep, so useful in times of drought.

The reader will not find particular difficulties in understanding, accepting and applying the sowing procedure, proposed in sector 2 of this page.

Not so in sectors 3 to 5, where the theory of cumulative dissipative processes is enunciated, and where it is explained what determines them, and how they give the solution to two physics problems, not yet solved.

As always, unexpected novelties find resistance in being accepted.

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How to increase harvests.

Everything started from the discovery of how the seeds manage their germination capacity, so as to keep it for a long time, thanks to the cumulative dissipative processes. The discovery has allowed me to develop a procedure to make more efficient the processes that are already taking place, but are necessarily left to chance, because the existence of it is unknown.

When the seeds are firm with respect to Earth.

Most of the time, the seeds are stationary relative to the Earth; then their movement is relative to the Moon.

In grounded seeds, cumulative dissipative processes take place in two alternating periods, as shown in the calendars of the angular motion of the Moon around our planet. In said calendars, cumulative phases can take place when said movement decreases (periods b-c; d-a), while dissipative phases can take place when said movement increases (a-b; c-d).

The procedure to improve the germination capacity of the seeds takes into account when such processes occur, and what promotes them. The procedure is best done in a controlled environment, such as in a greenhouse.

Example of an experiment.

The graph below, relating to the times of the experiment, indicates the hourly angular speed of the recovery of the delay of the Moon, in its revolution around the Earth, defined in 86400 deltins, and performed in a sidereal month.

calendar of the cycle 2022-2026 ||| legend

Harvest results from two seed groups (5+5), of the same quality, kept at two different temperatures during the cumulative phase (period d-a). The sowing took place on april 7th 2005, the day before the beginning of the dissipative phase (a-b).

For details, see in the index seeds:
itinerary 1.1 application;
itinerary 1.2 observations and experiments;
itinerary 1.3 Interpretation of phenomena.

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A consequent force.

Before considering cumulative-dissipative processes we must talk about the force that activates them. It is a consequent force, which I call "force d", short for "force due to angular motion with respect to other matter".

The “force d” works in tandem with another consequent force, gravity. While gravity is a consequence of the interaction between matter and other matter that is around, the "force d" is a consequence of the angular movement with respect to other matter.

As we will see on page 1.3.5, the two forces have very distinct characteristics.

How these processes are activated.

These processes manifest themselves in such peculiar ways that it is as if they had their own signature.

They are activated in seeds
(1) by the angular motion with respect to other matter;
(2) and by heat exchanges, first lent, when the mouvement is increasing (cumulative phase), and then returned, when it is decreasing (dissipative phase).
(3) but this can take place only at critical angular velocities.

Because of the last fact, they manifest themselves during brief episodes of interaction. Except when said movement insists for a long time on a critical angular velocity.

The two faces of physics.

At least here on our Earth. the cumulative dissipative processes act between the two sides of the coin of physics: on the one hand the two consequent forces - gravity and "force d" - on the other the laws of thermodynamics.

It is in particular the “force d” which acts as a counterweight to the tendency of entropy to increase. Tendency that would otherwise condemn us to the final effects of the second law of thermodynamics, when there will no longer be any heat exchange.

Indeed, if we consider only the laws of thermodynamics, in isolation, without taking into account the consequent forces, as we have done so far, we are then led to think and say that the general entropy grows inexorably, even here on Earth, despite the evidence to the contrary constituted by evolution in Nature.

Either Darwin is right, or Clausius.

As they say: either Darwin is right, or Clausius. Not both. Cumulative-dissipative processes bring them into agreement, in their respective fields of expertise.

Evolution.

Indeed, it is thanks to the cumulative dissipative processes that there is entropy reduction without energy degradation.

This advantage then pours on all living beings, keeping the general entropy low, thus allowing the evolution of the various forms of life on Earth. A fact not explainable otherwise.

All the necessary conditions for these processes to take place are present on the Earth. Also an adequate magnetic field would be among the necessary conditions.

In this regard, the results of "experiments E", performed with seeds, on Mars and/or on the Moon, could confirm or not what has been said here.

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Cumulative dissipative structures.

Physicist Ilya Prigogine has called "dissipative structures" systems that consume “free energy”, produce order and disperse heat.

From the results of this research, I can say that structures that lend themselves to cumulative dissipative processes - such as fatty acids in seeds, and water - can decrease their entropy without energy degradation.

I do not exclude that the processes in question may also take place in other molecules.

Energy first borrowed, then returned.

In the cumulative phase, energy, in the form of heat, is borrowed; molecules tend to assume higher energy and less uniform configurations.

In the dissipative phase, the energy, first borrowed in the cumulative phase, is returned; molecules then tend to fall on lower energy and more uniform configurations, in a kind of reset, of self-reorganization.

At the end of this double process, the neguentropic balance is positive. Entropy has decreased.

Entropy reduction, no energy degradation.

When the movement - the one that induces dissipative cumulative processes - is determined by the other consequent force, gravity, there is decrease in entropy, without energy degradation, by circumventing the second law of thermodynamics.

It’s a paradigm shift. In the cases considered, the dissipative processes, introduced by Ilya Prigogine, are preceded by heat exchanges in the cumulative phase.

Based on the different trend of the processes.

Due to the different trends of the processes in the two phases, the increase of entropy (worsening), in the cumulative phase, is more than compensated by its greater decrease (improvement), in its subsequent dissipative phase.

Paradoxically, within certain limits, cumulative processes give opportunities to decrease entropy during the following dissipative phase. Indeed, the cumulative phase turns out to be functional to the dissipative phase, as in the experiment E.

In other words, it’s the right temperature variation, in accordance with the two phases of the cycle, which decreases entropy.

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Theory on tides revisited.

Water also makes use of cumulative-dissipative processes, thanks to its movement with respect to other matter. This keeps it healthy and vital.

There are reasons for affirming that the cumulative dissipative processes also cause the phenomenon of tides, understood as the cyclical variation of the density of the water, thanks to the cumulative-dissipative processes, induced by the movement with respect to the Moon and the Sun.

This happens according to the peculiar modalities of the cumulative dissipative processes, previously specified, as we will see briefly later on this page, in a revisited theory on tides.

Current theory on ocean tides.

Before, let me say that, about 330 years ago, rather than admitting we did not know the cause of the tides, they decided to attribute it to gravity, to the cost of having to introduce a second formula of attraction, specific for the tides, where the distance is raised to the third power, in contrast to the normal one, valid for all the rest, where the distance is squared.

So they said that it is not the Sun that attracts the waters of our seas on average 178 times more than the Moon does, as would be the normal formula of attraction. Instead, it would be the Moon which attracts them on average 2.17 times more than the Sun does.

All this in defiance of the fundamental rule, for which the book of Nature is written in mathematical characters, as Galileo Galilei had previously stated. Correct, not false characters.

Differences between what happens in seeds and in water.

In the seeds stationary with respect to the Earth, but moving with respect to the Moon, the two cumulative and dissipative phases take place in two different periods of time.

Liquid water is instead composed of molecules that can increase or decrease their angular velocity with respect to the Moon not in agreement with each other. Thus, cumulative and dissipative processes can be carried out at any time, at any critical angular velocity.

Only under certain conditions, a sufficient number of molecules move at the same critical angular velocity, with regard for example to the Moon, and change in volume to a significant extent.

Only then does the phenomenon of water figures appear, arranged in a more or less regular way.

Evidence collection.

The evidence was collected in a lagoon, a kind of natural astronomical observatory, at times when there is a combination of variables, which amplifies the local generation of the tide.

The most important variables are: (1) when the movement of non-stagnant water is reduced; and (2) when the movement of the Moon is at a critical angular velocity, for a prolonged time (almost always only at the points a, b, c, d of the calendar).
In some cases water figures move and take the form of what I call "density waves".

movie L110318u1059

The "density waves" phenomenon of the film took place on March 18, 2011, at point c of the calendar, at the critical angular velocity of deltins 139,4/hr.

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A quest to be concluded.

What I found must be confirmed by other researchers. Then, this search is far from complete. I am alone, and there are still large areas to be defined, for example the list of critical angular velocities at which cumulative-dissipative processes are performed.

However, this last difficulty can be grasped by others as an opportunity, as an incentive to adopt this research to complete it, given my age (I was born in February 1943).

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