How the motion of the Moon affects the seeds and the water of our oceans.
Results of the research carried out by Pietro Baruffaldi.
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release 23.1 - 2023-09-03
introduction: page 1 ||| page 2
On this page:
1 Prologue (on the cumulative-dissipative processes);
2 How to increase harvests.
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Evolution and second law of thermodynamics.
On this website I'm going to answer the question - posed by Erwin Schrdinger, Leon Brillouin and others - of how it is possible to reconcile
(1) the fact of evolution here on Earth, which leads to an increase in complexity and development of the various forms of life,
(2) with the second law of thermodynamics, which would instead lead to a decrease in complexity and development, and to the so-called "death of heat".
Antidote to the second law of thermodynamics.
The Second Law of Thermodynamics tells only half of the story.
As we will see, the effects of the second law of thermodynamics are compensated by an engine, that of cumulative-dissipative processes, assisted by two consequent forces, gravity (due to the interaction between matter and other matter), and the "force d" (force due to angular movement with respect to other matter).
Gravity determines the movement, exploited by force d.
In planet Earth, cumulative-dissipative processes allow a decrease of entropy, without degradation of energy.
How these processes are activated.
The cumulative-dissipative processes manifest themselves in such peculiar ways that it is as if they had their own signature.
They are activated:
(1) by the angular motion with respect to other matter;
(2) and by heat exchanges, first lent, when the motion is increasing (cumulative phase), and then returned, when it is decreasing (dissipative phase);
(3) but this can take place only at critical angular velocities.
Because of the last fact, they manifest themselves during brief episodes of interaction. Except when said movement insists for a long time on a critical angular velocity.
Before going on with the theory, I prefer to give the reader the message that I am talking about concrete and useful things. To this end, as an interval, I will present an application.
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Application in agriculture.
The understanding of the way in which these processes take place has allowed me to develop a procedure, in the public domain, to improve the germinability of seeds, increase crops by 30 to 50 percent - all other variables being equal - and favor the root system, which goes deeper, so useful in times of drought.
How to increase harvests.
The seeds manage their germination capacity, so as to keep it for a long time, thanks to the cumulative-dissipative processes, which usually take place with reduced efficiency, because they are left to chance.
The discovery allowed me to develop a procedure, aimed at making these processes more efficient.
This procedure seems a paradoxical one. Indeed, it is the "force d" that changes the logic to be used in this case. A small increase in entropy, during the cumulative phase, favors a larger reduction, during the subsequent dissipative phase.
When the seeds are firm with respect to Earth.
The procedure for improving the germination capacity of seeds takes into account the calendars, when dissipative processes take place after sowing.
Since the seeds are mostly stationary relative to the Earth, it is mainly their angular movement relative to the Moon that has an effect.
The sowing calendars.
On this site, the sowing calendars do not indicate the angular velocity of the seeds with respect to the Moon, but the hourly angular velocity of the Moon, in its orbit around the Earth, defined in 86400 deltins, and performed in a sidereal month.
Consequently, cumulative phases can take place when said movement is indicated as decreasing (periods b-c; d-a), while dissipative phases can take place when said movement is indicated as increasing (a-b; c-d).
All the experiments on seeds, published on this site, were performed in open fields, not in a greenhouse. However, in order to meet the times of the cycle, the procedure is best done where the timing of the water supply can be controlled, as can take place in a greenhouse, rather than being dependent on the vagaries of the weather.
In order to avoid the impoverishment of the soil, the procedure also requires a suitable rotation of the crops, alternating improving species, preparatory species and impoverishing species.
This would allow to have lower costs in terms of plant protection products, and fertilizers. In this regard, it would much better to avoid the use of fossil-based fertilizers, as they are harmful to product quality, and to the environment, especially in the long term.
Example of an experiment E.
Harvest results from two seed groups (5+5), of the same quality, kept at two different temperatures during the cumulative phase (period d-a). The sowing took place on april 7th 2005, the day before the beginning of the dissipative phase (a-b).
Efficiency of the processes.
The efficiency of cumulative-dissipative processes in seeds varies over an 18.6-year cycle, because of the different variation of the Moon declination, relative to the Equator. Within this cycle, there are 7 years of low efficiency, during which, over the centuries, there have been severe food crises.
For details, see in the index seeds.
itinerary 1.1 Application;
itinerary 1.2 Observations and experiments;
itinerary 1.3 Interpretation of phenomena.
In this first introductory page, the topic of the site, the cumulative-dissipative processes, and their application in agriculture have been briefly presented.
The second introductory page deals briefly with the solutions to two problems in physics, which the cumulative-dissipative processes allow.
Continued - 2nd introductory page.